Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) belongs to the Caprifoliaceae family and is a species of flowering tree that can be commonly found in Europe and North America. It grows in several regions in Turkey, including Marmara, Aegean and Black Sea. The tree bears small, purple and black fruits and has small white flowers that are approximately the size of an apple.
Elderberry extract is traditionally used for treating influenza, colds, and viral diseases similar to influenza. A study published in the Journal of International Medical Research indicates that elderberry extract can reduce symptom duration by an average of four days when utilized within the initial 48 hours following the onset of flu symptoms.
Elderberry comprises flavonoids, kaempferol, rutin, quercetin, and phenolic acids with antioxidant attributes. Elderberry is beneficial in the prevention of cell damage and iron deficiency as it contains anthocyanidins, these chemical compounds are known to strengthen the immune system, making elderberry an excellent source of health benefits including vitamins C, A, B6 and potassium.
These chemical compounds are known to strengthen the immune system, making black elderberry an excellent source of health benefits, including vitamins C, A, B6, and potassium.
Studies conducted on mice show an increase in immunity due to the elevation of white blood cells. Elderberry was found to prevent depression and increase morale in a separate study.
The International Journal of Molecular Sciences published a study in 2017 affirming that caramurverine holds the potential to supply bioactive compounds for the formulation of drugs used in the management of diabetes.